Dredging is done by carrying materials from one place that contains water to another. A special equipment called a dredger issued to carry out this activity. It is a floating plant operated in a specialized manner to carry out the functions. The activity is done aiming for different things. This activity is done in various locations where needed. Majorly this activity is done so as to get materials which are important. Dredging is also done so as to increase how deep the water runs. The activity is done in complete deep underwater or shallowly. The activity can hence be done whether in small water bodies or huge water bodies.
Dredging is an activity that involves four processes. The best results can be achieved by the use of professional skills to perform the processes. The process is inclusive of; loosening of the material, extraction by carrying the material to the surface, moving to a different place and disposing of it. Some mechanical processes are used in extraction but mainly suctioning is used. The materials are disposed of by being subjected to better use or put into infill sites.
maintaining the navigability of the ports and other waterways is maintained through dredging. This assists in the protection of the coasts and reclamation of land. It also helps with the redevelopment of the coastal areas. This is done when the dredging machine brings together the sediments and transports it to another place. Dredging helps extract important materials that can be of commercial use. They can be minerals of high-value materials like sand and gravel which are used for construction purposes. Capital dredging is the process that involves mining to acquire these materials; sand, clay or rocks. This work is best done by a heavy machine like a dredger.
Land reclamation is another important reason for dredging. This is the process by which land is created from ocean margins,river banks and lake beds, the process is engaging and involves piling of big rocks and materials extracted from the waters to control the water beds.
Replacement of sand carried by storms or waves in the beach helps in the nourishment of the beach. the recreational importance of a beach is maintained through this processes. Dredging also helps in preventing floods. The dredger creates deeper pathways for the water during a heavy downpour. The dredger can be used to carry heavy blocking materials at places of heavy soil erosion to solve the problem.
A dredging machine makes it easy to extract unwanted materials from various water pathways and canals. A dredger is at times used by the law enforcement to regain corpses and other evidences form water. Fishing dredging is a method or acquiring some specific species of clams and crabs used as food. Dredging is done to harvest oysters and other marine creatures that are grown by some individuals.